Gardens And Parks in Glasgow

Get up close to nature and enjoy the stunning parks and spectacular gardens that call Glasgow home, each with its own special features and attractions!

Alexandra Park

Alexandra Park

Glasgow East End
This 42 hectare (102 acres) East End public park is extremely popular with local residents and the wider community. Park users have always found Alexandra...
Balloch Castle Country Park

Balloch Castle Country Park

Balloch
Balloch Castle Country Park is one of the finest public spaces in the West of Scotland with fantastic views over Loch Lomond and plenty of things to see...
Beardmore Park

Beardmore Park

Glasgow East End
No additional information.
Bellahouston Park

Bellahouston Park

Glasgow South Side
Bellahouston Park has many features and facilities to tempt visitors and local residents to its grounds. It boasts formal gardens and open parkland in...
Castlemilk Park

Castlemilk Park

Glasgow South Side
The woodlands of Castlemilk Park run through the heart of Castlemilk and are a great place to visit; it’s a place that is rich in history and a home...
Cathkin Braes Country Park

Cathkin Braes Country Park

Glasgow South Side
Cathkin Braes Country Park covers a large area in the south east of Glasgow.It is rich in history and a familiar landmark on the southern skyline reaching...
Cranhill Park

Cranhill Park

Glasgow West End
No additional information.
Dawsholm Park

Dawsholm Park

Glasgow West End
Dawsholm Park could well be described as ‘the nature lover’s park’ as there is much of interest to the nature enthusiast here.Large areas of the...
Drumchapel Park

Drumchapel Park

Glasgow West End
Drumchapel Park is pleasantly and conveniently situated in the very heart of the housing area, being especially accessible from the large main shopping...
Elder Park

Elder Park

Glasgow South Side
Elder Park has an area of 37 acres and was laid out by John Honeyman, of architectural practice Honeyman & Keppie. The Park is located within the historic...
Faifley Knowes

Faifley Knowes

Clydebank
No additional information.
Garscadden Local Nature Reserve

Garscadden Local Nature Reserve

Glasgow West End
This tranquil woodland, with its majestic ancient oaks and old hawthorn hedges, has been growing on this hillside on the edge of Glasgow for hundreds...
Geilston Garden

Geilston Garden

Dumbarton
A delightful garden, typical of the small country estates on the banks of the Clyde purchased by merchants and industrialists in the 18th and 19th centuries...
Glasgow Botanic Gardens

Glasgow Botanic Gardens

Glasgow West End
Glasgow Botanic Gardens, situated in the West End of the city, lies beside the River Kelvin.At any time of the year there are pleasant riverside walks...
Glasgow Countryside Rangers

Glasgow Countryside Rangers

Various Locations Glasgow
Our team of 7 Countryside Rangers operate citywide, covering over 90 parks, 10 Local Nature Reserves and 8 Greenflag parks in Glasgow.In addition to running...
Glasgow Green

Glasgow Green

Glasgow City Centre
Glasgow Green is by far the oldest of the city's parks. It is situated within walking distance of the city centre east of the Saltmarket. It is currently...
Hayburn Park

Hayburn Park

Glasgow West End
Hayburn Park is set in the busy and popular west end of Glasgow’s Hyndland area.This local park is surrounded by narrow streets and lanes that are typical...
Hogganfield Park Local Nature Reserve

Hogganfield Park Local Nature Reserve

Glasgow North
Hogganfield Park Local Nature Reserve is located in the northeast of Glasgow, some five kilometres from Glasgow city centre. The main entrance, including...
Holyrood Pleasure Gardens

Holyrood Pleasure Gardens

Glasgow West End
Holyrood Crescent Pleasure Garden is a communal garden set within Holyrood Crescent and Holyrood Quadrant. Created in the early 1870's, the garden was...
Inveraray Castle

Inveraray Castle

Inveraray
Inveraray Castle is the ancestral home of the Duke of Argyll, Chief of the Clan Campbell and the iconic, must-see visitor attraction on the West Coast...
Kelvingrove Park

Kelvingrove Park

Glasgow West End
Kelvingrove Park is a public park located on the River Kelvin in the West End of the city of Glasgow, containing the famous Kelvingrove Art Gallery and...
Linn Park

Linn Park

Glasgow South Side
Linn Park is the second largest park in the city and with its variety of activities combined with its extensive grounds you can be assured of an enjoyable...
Linn Park Adventure Playground

Linn Park Adventure Playground

Glasgow South Side
Linn Park Adventure Playground is an indoor and outdoor play centre for children with additional support needs and their families.We believe that play...
Malls Mire Community Woodland

Malls Mire Community Woodland

Glasgow South Side
Malls Mire is an area of mixed woodland and wetland habitat situated between Toryglen and Rutherglen. People from the surrounding communities have been...
Mansfield Park

Mansfield Park

Glasgow West End
No additional information.
Maryhill Park

Maryhill Park

Glasgow West End
Maryhill Park is an extremely popular local park with residents and the wider community.Improvements to the park have added a wetland area, orchard, signage...
Moogety Garden

Moogety Garden

Glasgow South Side
Moogety Garden is a new community garden in the making, built by local people for local people in the Elderpark area in Govan. The garden is supported...
Napiershall Street Garden

Napiershall Street Garden

Glasgow West End
Napiershall Street Community Garden was founded as part of the Let's Cook Grow Sew Together project supported by West of Scotland Regional Equality Council...
Pacitti Community Garden Project

Pacitti Community Garden Project

Glasgow South Side
Pacitti Community Garden is unique setting just off Paisley Road Toll on Glasgow's South side. The garden has been around for a number of years.It can...
Pollok Country Park

Pollok Country Park

Glasgow South Side
Pollok Country Park is Glasgow's largest park and the only Country Park within Glasgow. Its extensive woodlands and gardens provide a quiet sanctuary...
Queens Park

Queens Park

Glasgow South Side
Queen's Park offers something for everyone, from manicured lawns and bedding areas for the gardening enthusiast to peaceful naturalised walks rich in...
Richmond Park

Richmond Park

Glasgow City Centre
No additional information.
Robroyston Park Local Nature Reserve

Robroyston Park Local Nature Reserve

Glasgow North
Robroyston Park Local Nature Reserve covers about 50 hectares of land and the northern half is designated as a City-wide SINC. This area has an attractive...
Rosshall Park & Gardens

Rosshall Park & Gardens

Glasgow South Side
Rosshall Park represents the core of an Estate with a history dating back to the 17th century. The park has a unique combination of historical, cultural...
Scotlands Gardens: Glasgow

Scotlands Gardens: Glasgow

Various Locations Glasgow
Scotland’s Gardens, a registered charity created in 1931, raises funds for other worthy charities by facilitating the opening of large and small gardens...
Springburn Park

Springburn Park

Glasgow North
Springburn Park (31 hectares/77 acres) has one of the most beautiful rockeries in Scotland, a garden of peace and three wildlife ponds. Extensive spring...
The Childrens Wood

The Childrens Wood

Glasgow West End
The Children’s Wood on North Kelvin Meadow, and the Meadow itself, make up the last wild space in the west-end of Glasgow. The land is currently under...
The Hidden Gardens

The Hidden Gardens

Glasgow South Side
Scotland’s Sanctuary Gardens dedicated to peace.Opened in 2003, the Hidden Gardens is an award-winning unique public greenspace and community development...
Tollcross Park

Tollcross Park

Glasgow East End
Tollcross Park is internationally famous for its unique Rose Garden and impressive Winter Gardens. The park has many hidden gems including the Glen Nature...
Victoria Park

Victoria Park

Glasgow West End
Originally acquired by the Burgh of Partick, Victoria Park was named for Queen Victoria's golden jubilee in 1887 and is considered to be Glasgow's prettiest...
Woodlands Community Garden

Woodlands Community Garden

Glasgow West End
Woodlands Community Garden has been built by the community for the community. Since 2010 we have transformed a derelict gap site into a thriving 'outdoor...

Find other Attractions in Glasgow

Gardens And Parks in East Renfrewshire

Cowan Park

Cowan Park

Cowan Park was opened in 1911 on the day of George V's coronation. The Park is open all day and every day. Park FacilitiesThere is a very popular Trim...
Visit the What's On East Renfrewshire website for full details...
Dams to Darnley Country Park

Dams to Darnley Country Park

Dams to Darnley is Scotland's newest country park. The park covers over 1300 acres of open space between the reservoirs between Barrhead and Newton Mearns...
Visit the What's On East Renfrewshire website for full details...
Greenbank House and Garden

Greenbank House and Garden

Less than a mile from the suburban bustle of Clarkston on the south side of Glasgow, Greenbank Garden is a tranquil celebration of the gardener’s art...
Visit the What's On East Renfrewshire website for full details...
Rouken Glen Park

Rouken Glen Park

Rouken Glen Park is a historic park located next to Thornliebank, Giffnock and Newton Mearns.It contains a range of features and facilities including...
Visit the What's On East Renfrewshire website for full details...
Scotlands Gardens: East Renfrewshire

Scotlands Gardens: East Renfrewshire

Scotland’s Gardens, a registered charity created in 1931, raises funds for other worthy charities by facilitating the opening of large and small gardens...
Visit the What's On East Renfrewshire website for full details...
Water Works

Water Works

Barrhead Water Works, near Glasgow won the public vote to become Grow Wild’s Scotland flagship site in November 2013It has since undergone a dramatic...
Visit the What's On East Renfrewshire website for full details...
Whitelee Countryside Rangers

Whitelee Countryside Rangers

There are 2 countryside rangers employed full time to work at Whitelee. They are primarily based at East Renfrewshire Council's Thornliebank depot or...
Visit the What's On East Renfrewshire website for full details...

Gardens And Parks in Edinburgh and the Lothians

Calton Hill

Calton Hill

Calton Hill is a hill in central Edinburgh, just to the east of the New Town and is included in the city's UNESCO World Heritage Site.It offers some of...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Charlotte Square Gardens

Charlotte Square Gardens

This pleasant, leafy green space located at the heart of the historic New Town is an oasis of tranquility. Like many of the Georgian gardens in Edinburgh...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Dalkeith Country Park

Dalkeith Country Park

As you stroll beneath the oaks in the rambling Country Park, you may find it difficult to believe you are only five miles from the centre of Scotland’...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
George Square Gardens

George Square Gardens

George Square is a city square in Edinburgh, Scotland. It is in the south of the city centre, adjacent to the Meadows. It was laid out in 1766 outside...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Holyrood Park

Holyrood Park

Holyrood Park is a unique historic landscape in the heart of the city, whose dramatic crags and hills give Edinburgh part of its distinctive skyline....
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Hopetoun House

Hopetoun House

Hopetoun is a place of outstanding natural beauty, which has Scotland\'s finest stately home at its heart. Situated on the outskirts of Edinburgh, Hopetoun...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Inverleith Park

Inverleith Park

“Inverleith Park is in the heart of Edinburgh, right next to the Royal Botanic Gardens, just to the north of the New Town & Stockbridge. At 22 hectares...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Lauriston Castle

Lauriston Castle

When you step inside Lauriston Castle, you see it just as it was in 1926, when it was left to the nation by the last private owner, Mrs Reid.The Castle...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Pentland Hills Regional Park

Pentland Hills Regional Park

The Pentland Hills Regional Park is a living, working landscape, that offers great opportunities to experience, learn about and enjoy the outdoors. Sculpted...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Princes Street Gardens

Princes Street Gardens

Princes Street Gardens lies at centre of Edinburgh's World Heritage Site, within New Town and Old Town Outstanding Conservation Areas. It is listed in...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Roslin Glen Country Park

Roslin Glen Country Park

Roslin Glen Country Park is a wooded glen in the North Esk Valley, near the village of Roslin.It contains walks with several places of interest along...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh is a scientific centre for the study of plants, their diversity and conservation, as well as a popular tourist attraction...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Scotlands Gardens: Edinburgh & Lothians

Scotlands Gardens: Edinburgh & Lothians

Scotland’s Gardens, a registered charity created in 1931, raises funds for other worthy charities by facilitating the opening of large and small gardens...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
St Andrew Square Garden Edinburgh

St Andrew Square Garden Edinburgh

Built in 1770 as a private garden for the Square's proprietors, now managed by Essential Edinburgh on behalf of the private owners and open to the public...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
The Meadows

The Meadows

The Meadows remain one of the most important open spaces in Edinburgh and one of the most popular. There's something for everyone with the biggest play...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...
Vogrie Country Park

Vogrie Country Park

Vogrie offers a haven of tranquillity in the heart of Midlothian's countryside.It retains much of its character as a Victorian parkland estate, with sweeping...
Visit the What's On Edinburgh website for full details...

Gardens And Parks in Lanarkshire

Alexander Hamilton Memorial Park

Alexander Hamilton Memorial Park

Alexander Hamilton Memorial Park is a multi levelled park with an extensive pathway network leading to all levels. It includes a bandstand area, three...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Braedale Hill Local Nature Reserve

Braedale Hill Local Nature Reserve

Braedale Hill Local Nature Reserve is situated in Newmains to the north east of Wishaw.The site was once known as Crindledyke Bing and mainly consisted...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Calderglen Country Park

Calderglen Country Park

Calderglen Country Park is a four-star tourist attraction which has a Children's Zoo, Tropical Glasshouse, Ornamental Gardens, Nature Trails and Walks...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Cambuslang Park

Cambuslang Park

Cambuslang Park spans 27 acres encompassing the contrast of open park land and the Borgie Glen, which is a steep tree lined ravine, containing a complex...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Castlebank Park

Castlebank Park

Castlebank Park is a large area of ground consisting of a children's play area, a swing set, a garden and even a Horticultural Centre. The gates into...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Chatelherault Country Park

Chatelherault Country Park

Chatelherault Country Park, a five star visitor attraction under the Visit Scotland grading scheme, has been described as a Jewel in the Landscape.Chatelherault...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Cumbernauld Glen

Cumbernauld Glen

Cumbernauld Glen's ancient woodland is a haven for wildlife and the varied ground vegetation reflects the age of the site. Vast carpets of bluebells flower...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Cuningar Loop Woodland Park

Cuningar Loop Woodland Park

Cuningar Loop is a £5.7 million Legacy 2014 project that will provide an exciting new woodland park in the east end of Glasgow.Located in Rutherglen,...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
David Livingstone Centre

David Livingstone Centre

There are storeys of stories about David Livingstone, the famous Scottish explorer and missionary, in this birthplace museum of his life and work. Housed...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Drumpellier Country Park

Drumpellier Country Park

Situated within North Lanarkshire, to the west of Coatbridge and east of Glasgow, the park was formerly a private estate. The land was given over to the...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Gartcosh Local Nature Reserve

Gartcosh Local Nature Reserve

Local Nature Reserves (LNR) are places for local people to actively enjoy, while having the chance to see and learn about nature on their doorsteps.Gartcosh...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Greenhead Moss Community Nature Park

Greenhead Moss Community Nature Park

Greenhead Moss Community Nature Park lies just east of Wishaw, and covers some 100 hectares.The park boasts a variety of habitats and an extensive and...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Hareleeshill Community Garden

Hareleeshill Community Garden

On a vacant piece of land enclosed by houses, the Community Garden project has been developed in partnership with South Lanarkshire Council Changing Places...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Holmhills Wood Community Park

Holmhills Wood Community Park

Holmhills Wood Community Park runs from Greenlees Road to Langlea Drive and is an important part of the greenspace for Cambuslang. It includes Holmhills...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
James Hamilton Heritage Park

James Hamilton Heritage Park

James Hamilton Heritage Park is a 4 Star Visit Scotland accredited activity centre. The park features a 16acre loch which provides beautiful and tranquil...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Kilbride Woodlands

Kilbride Woodlands

The East Kilbride Community Trust (EKCT) are in the early stages of establishing a Community Woodland in the vicinity of Peel Park, East Kilbride, with...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Kingshill Local Nature Reserve

Kingshill Local Nature Reserve

Kingshill Local Nature Reserve is on the outskirts of Allanton which is near Shotts.Kingshill is a special place for people and wildlife close to the...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Mosswater Local Nature Reserve

Mosswater Local Nature Reserve

Mosswater Local Nature Reserve is best accessed by foot from Hope Park Drive north of Blackwood round-about.After several years of work to improve this...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Northside Wood Wildlife Reserve

Northside Wood Wildlife Reserve

Northside Wood is a strip of woodland south of Cumbernauld village. As the woodland is relatively young it is still developing. Areas of scrub and remnants...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Palacerigg Country Park

Palacerigg Country Park

Enjoy the rare breeds collection, wildlife, Millennium longhouses, environmental education, kids playpark and much more.Our Park Visitor Centre now hosts...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Ravenswood Local Nature Reserve

Ravenswood Local Nature Reserve

Local Nature Reserves (LNR) are places for local people to actively enjoy, while having the chance to see and learn about nature on their doorsteps.Ravenswood...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Redlees Urban Park

Redlees Urban Park

27 acres of natural woodland in a former quarry. There is now a large pond suitable for canoeing and providing a home to amphibians and insects. Hosted...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Riccard Johnston Woods

Riccard Johnston Woods

Once a farm, today Riccard Johnston is a mosaic of mixed woodland, green open space and mature hedgerows.Recent improvement to the woodlands include rejuvenating...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Scotlands Gardens: Lanarkshire

Scotlands Gardens: Lanarkshire

Scotland’s Gardens, a registered charity created in 1931, raises funds for other worthy charities by facilitating the opening of large and small gardens...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Scottish Wildlife Trust: Falls of Clyde Wildlife Reserve and Visitor Centre

Scottish Wildlife Trust: Falls of Clyde Wildlife Reserve and Visitor Centre

The Scottish Wildlife Trust Falls of Clyde and Visitor Centre is nestled in the Clyde Valley and is part of the Clyde Valley Woodlands National Nature...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Seven Lochs Wetland Park

Seven Lochs Wetland Park

Bringing together 20 sq km of lochs, parks, nature reserves and woodlands between Glasgow and Coatbridge Seven Lochs Wetland Park offers an exciting range...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Strathclyde Country Park

Strathclyde Country Park

Thousands of visitors every year come to enjoy the huge range of activities available at Strathclyde Country Park from sailing to sunbathing, birdwatching...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...
Valley International Park

Valley International Park

Valley International Park is currently closed and we have no further information as to if and when it is likely to reopen.Valley International Park is...
Visit the What's On Lanarkshire website for full details...

Gardens And Parks in Renfrewshire and Inverclyde

Barshaw Park

Barshaw Park

In the early years of the 20th century, Paisley Burgh Council was looking for a site for a park which would be suitable for use by the public for recreational...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...
Battery Park

Battery Park

Situated within the Battery Park, Inverclyde Leisure's facilities include a new all-weather floodlit 3rd Generation field turf - a full 11 aside park...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...
Broadloan Community Gardens

Broadloan Community Gardens

Renfrew Association of Growers and Gardeners (RAGG) received funding from the Big Lottery Fund to create a community garden in the Broadloan area of Renfrew...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...
Clyde Muirshiel Regional Park

Clyde Muirshiel Regional Park

Clyde Muirshiel Regional Park covers an area of 108 square miles and contains two country parks with visitor centres at Castle Semple Loch and Muirshiel...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...
Durrockstock Park Local Nature Reserve

Durrockstock Park Local Nature Reserve

A former industial area, now a refuge for wildlife and a valued park for the community The Local Nature Reserve is sited within Durrockstock Park in Paisley...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...
Finlaystone Country Estate

Finlaystone Country Estate

Finlaystone Country Estate is an established visitor attraction managed by the family of the Chief of the Clan MacMillan. The estate, with its spectacular...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...
Gleniffer Braes Country Park

Gleniffer Braes Country Park

Whatever the season there is always something for visitors of all ages to enjoy at Gleniffer Braes Country Park - woodland walks, wonderful views, peace...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...
Kirklandneuk Park

Kirklandneuk Park

Robertson Park

Robertson Park

Robertson Park opened in 1912 as an open space for the children of Renfrew.It was gifted to the Royal Burgh of Renfrew by William Robertson, a successful...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...
Scotlands Gardens: Renfrewshire

Scotlands Gardens: Renfrewshire

Scotland’s Gardens, a registered charity created in 1931, raises funds for other worthy charities by facilitating the opening of large and small gardens...
Visit the What's On Renfrewshire website for full details...

Gardens And Parks in Stirling and Falkirk

Callendar House

Callendar House

Callendar House dates from the 14th century. It is set in the nationally-important historic designed landscape of Callendar Park, which also contains...
Visit the What's On Stirling website for full details...
Kings Park  Stirling

Kings Park Stirling

The Kings Park is one of Stirling's best used recreation areas. Historically the park was used as the hunting ground for the Royal Court at Stirling...
Visit the What's On Stirling website for full details...
Mugdock Country Park

Mugdock Country Park

Located in beautiful semi-natural and formal landscapes yet only 10 miles from Glasgow city centre, Mugdock Country Park offers an exciting visit to the...
Visit the What's On Stirling website for full details...
Scotlands Gardens: Stirling & Falkirk

Scotlands Gardens: Stirling & Falkirk

Scotland’s Gardens, a registered charity created in 1931, raises funds for other worthy charities by facilitating the opening of large and small gardens...
Visit the What's On Stirling website for full details...
The Helix

The Helix

The Helix has been around since 2003, borne from an idea to create a local greenspace that connects and engages with its local communities. We'd like...
Visit the What's On Stirling website for full details...

Gardens And Parks in Other Areas

Culzean Castle and Country Park

Culzean Castle and Country Park

Maybole
With a dramatic clifftop setting, Robert Adam architecture, fascinating history & beautiful surrounds, Culzean Castle is one of Scotland's best days out...
Dean Castle Country Park

Dean Castle Country Park

Kilmarnock
Dean Castle Country Park is a fantastic free day out for all the family. The country park, covering over 200 acres, is nestled in the heart of Kilmarnock...
Eglinton Country Park

Eglinton Country Park

Irvine
Spring, summer, autumn and winter - the beauty of Eglinton Country Park is on your doorstep!Immersed in a rich history, our Country Park gives you space...
Jamieson Park

Jamieson Park

Newmilns
No additional information.
Kelburn Estate & Country Centre

Kelburn Estate & Country Centre

Largs
Based around a 13th Century castle that's had an amazing makeover courtesy of a team of Brazilian artists, the estate near Largs, Ayrshire also features...
Rozelle Estate

Rozelle Estate

Ayr
The Estate of Rozelle is a beautiful estate that was gifted to the public in 1968 by Commander J. Hamilton, on the understanding that it be utilised for...